The Pechora moose farm was a foregoer of the Kostroma farm. The farm still exists as a scientific laboratory and a tourism center.
Photo by A.Satsuk, the director of the farm (himself, with Ada, 2004).
Pechoro-Ilych reserve, as I could see it in 1977:
I recommend reading a tour
to the Pechoro-Ilych reserve and moose farm (in Russian)
The national park is separated from other forests of Moscow region with urbanized areas, ribbon buildings along railroads and highways .To prevent inbreeding in an almost isolated moose population, a small research station was established to raise calves from Kostroma farm, to raise orphaned calves from Moscow region forests, and as a research, education and entertainment center. An adult moose cow and 6 calves arrived from the Kostroma farm in 2002-2004; 4 orphaned calves – from hunting grounds of the Moscow region; 1 cow saved from a private wild beast show; this winter she returned to the biostation with a calf. These two calves were raised using goat milk:
Like on Pechora and Kostroma farms, moose can spend some periods free-ranging or leave the research station for ever if they want. They give birth and raise their calves as wild moose. We know all about their movements because they are equipped with radio tags. The radio collars get position data by means of GPS receivers and send us messages (SMS) through GSM cellular network.
The moose research station is situated in the «reserved» area of the national park, near the main gamekeepers' base. Sika deer prefer to spend winter and early spring near troughs on the base, but hide in the deep forests near Yauza marshes all through the summer. Sika deer is regarded as one of the most beautiful deer on the earth along with fallow deer and axis.
After some years of «prosperity», the vegetation inside small enclosures
degraded, though moose were fed ad libitum. Falling trees released the
animals who left the farm one by one and never returned. Now on its site
one can see a map with a word moose, but I'm not sure that at least one moose
(to be continued)